Ingrown toenails are fairly common and usually affect the big toe. The condition happens when the corner or side of your toenail grows into the soft flesh of the toe resulting in pain, redness and sometimes infection. You can often perform ingrown toenail remedies at home on your own. One of the most common causes of ingrown toenails are shoes and socks that fit to tight. The toenail is pushed into the skin every time they are worn and over time begins to grow into the skin on the toe. This happens most often on the big toe when the nail pushes out or into the sides of the flesh. Heel fissures is the term for cracking of the skin of the heels. This can be a painful condition that can cause bleeding. Walking barefoot or using open-backed sandals / shoes that allow more slippage around the heel while walking are often culprits that cause heel fissures. Skin conditions, such as eczema and psoriasis, can also lead to heel fissures. The skin thickens as a result of the friction. As the skin thickens, fissures will form around the periphery of the heel. These fissures or cracks can become deep and be very painful. Treatment involves removing the callus. Foot calluses are thick and rough sections that develop on the epidermis. Although people use the terms "calluses" and "corns" interchangeably, they do not refer to the same thing. A callus growth indicates points of pressure on the foot Unlike a corn that covers a localized area, a callus forms on a larger area. Often, it forms on the metatarsal arch of the foot , on the bony area beneath the toes and on the rest of the sole. On the affected areas, the skin is rough to the touch because it contains dead cells. The skin forms these hardened and thickened areas to protect its inner cells. Experts recommend that the shoe for a growing child have a straight inner margin, with plenty of space for the toes. The heel should be low. The sole should be of thick leather, flexible, and with a toe above it thick and hard enough to prevent damage from bumping the toe. The foot of the small child seems often to the mother to be distorted even when it may still be quite normal. Disorders of walking in any child over five years of age should certainly have study by a competent specialist. It eventually helps to avoid the scratches which can be caused to the skin. It is highly convenient and can be applied to the skin very easily. It creates invisible layer of the film which fits in easily without making any fuss either on hands or on feet. It tends to stay in its place as long as it on the skin. In addition, this layer does not leave any marks upon the shoes or socks. Using them on the skin, the people can very easily put on their socks and shoes. Other than that it is also water resistant. If the cracked heel is caused due to athletes foot, you will need to mix emollient and an anti-fungal cream to treat the problem. It is very important to get rid of athletes foot, if you want the heel to cure. People, who wear open heeled shoes may want to consider using closed shoes, if they want to get rid of the problem. When the air is dry and less humid, it causes the skin to dry out all the more, worsening the problem. It is also recommended to use good shock absorbing shoes, which will prevent any further occurrences of cracked heels. Diabetic patients and people suffering from immune system diseases need to be especially wary and should consult a doctor before going out with treating corns, simply because their medical needs are quite different. Whatever be the case, it is always highly recommended that you consult a qualified health professional before venturing out into treating corns and the affiliated skin problems, and these include ongoing pain or drainage from the afflicted area as well as inflammation, in addition to the problem when the corns refuse to go away by using the aforementioned schemes. Whatever be the case, professional help is highly recommended. People with diabetes will not feel these minor injuries and can develop sores, blisters, and skin ulcers. These ulcers can become easily infected. The infetion spreads to the bone and can then cause major problems. More than 60% of amputations not caused by some sort of trauma is due to complications from diabetes. This is why all people with diabetes should be familiar with a podiatrist. I routinely tell my diabetic patients that they should check their feet daily before they go to sleep and call me if they see anything that wasn't there the night before. Another way to soften tough calluses, says Dr. Levine, involves crushing five or six aspirin tablets into a powder. Mix into a paste with a half teaspoon each of water and lemon juice. Apply this to the hard - skin spots on your foot , then put your foot into a plastic bag and wrap a warm towel around everything. The combination of the plastic and the warm towel will make the paste penetrate the hard skin Sit still for at least 10 minutes. Then unwrap your foot and scrub the area with a pumice stone. All that dead, hard , callused skin should come loose and flake away easily. The pain of gout can be such that you will probably not be able to walk or sleep (let alone sleepwalk), as you will not be able to put your foot on the floor, or bear the bedcovers touching your feet. No matter how hard you try, you will not be able to get comfortable in bed due to the pain. You can try running your foot under the cold tap or bathing your foot in cold water, this may help but in the long run, you will need an axe or medication to get rid of the pain of gout.